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Wallace, NC 28466


A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a blow to the head or body, a fall, or another injury that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull. This injury can lead to temporary disruption of brain function and can affect memory, judgment, reflexes, speech, balance, and coordination. While concussions are typically not life-threatening, their effects can be serious, and appropriate care is essential.

Common Causes of Concussion

  1. Sports Injuries:

    • Contact sports such as football, rugby, hockey, and soccer.

    • Accidents in non-contact sports like gymnastics or cycling.

  2. Falls:

    • Especially common in young children and older adults.

  3. Vehicle Accidents:

    • Car, motorcycle, bicycle, and pedestrian accidents.

  4. Violence:

    • Physical assaults or being shaken violently.

  5. Explosive Blasts:

    • Common in military personnel due to the shockwaves from explosions.

Common Symptoms

  • Immediate Symptoms:

    • Confusion or feeling dazed.

    • Headache.

    • Nausea or vomiting.

    • Dizziness or balance problems.

    • Blurred or double vision.

    • Sensitivity to light or noise.

  • Delayed Symptoms:

    • Memory loss or amnesia.

    • Difficulty concentrating.

    • Irritability or other personality changes.

    • Sleep disturbances.

    • Depression or anxiety.

  • Severe Symptoms (Require Immediate Medical Attention):

    • Loss of consciousness.

    • Persistent or worsening headache.

    • Repeated vomiting.

    • Seizures.

    • Slurred speech.

    • Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.

Common Treatments

  • Rest:

    • Physical and cognitive rest is crucial for recovery. This includes limiting activities that require thinking and mental concentration.

  • Gradual Return to Activities:

    • Slowly reintroducing physical and cognitive activities under medical supervision.

  • Symptom Management:

    • Using over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen for headaches (avoiding aspirin and ibuprofen initially as they can increase the risk of bleeding).

  • Monitoring:

    • Close observation for the first 24-48 hours to ensure symptoms do not worsen.

  • Follow-Up Care:

    • Regular check-ups with a healthcare professional to monitor recovery and manage any ongoing symptoms.

Prevention Tips

  • Sports Safety:

    • Using appropriate protective gear (helmets, mouthguards).

    • Adhering to rules and techniques to minimize risk.

  • Home Safety:

    • Installing grab bars and handrails to prevent falls.

    • Keeping living spaces free of tripping hazards.

  • Vehicle Safety:

    • Wearing seat belts.

    • Using appropriate child safety seats.

  • Education and Awareness:

    • Understanding the signs and symptoms of concussions.

    • Knowing when to seek medical help.

  • Workplace Safety:

    • Following safety protocols and using protective equipment in high-risk jobs.

Recovery Tips

  • Physical Rest:

    • Avoiding strenuous activities and sports until cleared by a healthcare professional.

  • Cognitive Rest:

    • Limiting activities that require intense concentration, such as reading, playing video games, or working on a computer.

  • Gradual Return:

    • Slowly resuming normal activities based on symptoms and medical advice.

  • Hydration and Nutrition:

    • Staying hydrated and maintaining a balanced diet to support recovery.

  • Sleep:

    • Getting plenty of rest and maintaining a regular sleep schedule.

If you or someone else experiences a head injury and shows signs of a concussion, it is important to seek medical attention promptly to ensure proper diagnosis and management.

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