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Plantar Fasciitis

2110 S 17th St


600 Beaman St
Clinton, NC 28328

116 N Norwood St
Wallace, NC 28466

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that involves inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, connecting the heel bone to the toes. This inflammation leads to heel pain and discomfort, especially with the first steps in the morning or after prolonged periods of rest. Plantar fasciitis is a result of repetitive strain or overuse of the plantar fascia, causing micro-tears and irritation.

Common Causes of Plantar Fasciitis:

  1. Overuse or Repetitive Strain:

    • Activities that involve repetitive impact on the feet, such as running, jumping, or prolonged standing, can strain the plantar fascia.

  2. Foot Structure and Biomechanics:

    • Flat feet (pes planus), high arches (pes cavus), or abnormal walking patterns (gait abnormalities) can put stress on the plantar fascia.

  3. Tightness in Calf Muscles or Achilles Tendon:

    • Limited flexibility in the calf muscles or Achilles tendon can increase strain on the plantar fascia during movement.

  4. Obesity or Sudden Weight Gain:

    • Excess body weight puts additional stress on the plantar fascia and can contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis.

  5. Improper Footwear:

    • Wearing shoes with poor arch support, inadequate cushioning, or improper fit can strain the plantar fascia.

  6. Age:

    • Plantar fasciitis is more common in adults aged 40-60 years, possibly due to decreased flexibility and elasticity of the plantar fascia with age.

  7. Occupational Factors:

    • Jobs that require prolonged standing or walking on hard surfaces can increase the risk of developing plantar fasciitis.


  • Heel Pain: Usually felt on the underside of the heel and often worse in the morning or after long periods of rest.

  • Pain with Activity: Pain may decrease after walking for a while but can return after prolonged activity or standing.

  • Stiffness: Stiffness and discomfort in the heel and foot, especially after periods of rest.

  • Tenderness: The bottom of the foot may be tender to touch, particularly near the heel.

Common Injuries Associated with Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis itself is not an injury but can lead to complications and conditions that may require medical attention:

  1. Heel Spurs:

    • Over time, chronic inflammation and strain on the plantar fascia can lead to the development of heel spurs (bony growths on the heel bone).

  2. Secondary Foot Pain:

    • Compensating for heel pain can lead to discomfort in other parts of the foot, such as the arches or balls of the feet.

  3. Mobility Issues:

    • Severe or prolonged plantar fasciitis can affect mobility and limit activities that involve weight-bearing on the affected foot.

  4. Chronic Pain:

    • Persistent plantar fasciitis can lead to chronic heel pain and impact quality of life and daily activities.

Prevention and Management

  • Rest and Activity Modification: Avoid activities that exacerbate symptoms and allow time for the plantar fascia to heal.

  • Stretching and Strengthening Exercises: Perform calf stretches and foot strengthening exercises to improve flexibility and reduce strain on the plantar fascia.

  • Orthotic Devices: Use supportive shoes with cushioned insoles or orthotic inserts to provide arch support and relieve pressure on the plantar fascia.

  • Ice and Massage Therapy: Apply ice packs to the heel and perform self-massage to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.

  • Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help reduce pain and inflammation.

  • Night Splints: Wear night splints to stretch the calf muscles and plantar fascia while sleeping.

  • Physical Therapy: Work with a physical therapist to develop a personalized treatment plan and learn proper stretching and strengthening techniques.

  • Corticosteroid Injections: In severe cases, injections of corticosteroids may be recommended to reduce inflammation and pain.

  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT): A non-invasive procedure that uses shock waves to stimulate healing of the plantar fascia.

Effective management of plantar fasciitis involves a combination of conservative treatments and lifestyle modifications to reduce symptoms, promote healing, and prevent recurrence. In some cases, surgical intervention may be considered if conservative treatments do not provide relief.

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