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Knee Pain

2110 S 17th St


600 Beaman St
Clinton, NC 28328

116 N Norwood St
Wallace, NC 28466

Knee Pain

Knee pain is a prevalent issue that can result from a variety of causes, affecting people of all ages. The knee is a complex joint that supports much of the body’s weight and is crucial for movements such as walking, running, and jumping. Pain in the knee can hinder mobility and significantly impact daily activities.

Common Causes of Knee Pain:

  1. Arthritis:

    • Osteoarthritis (OA): Degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage.

    • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): An autoimmune condition causing inflammation of the joint lining.

    • Other forms of arthritis: Such as gout or septic arthritis.

  2. Injuries:

    • Ligament Injuries:

      • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear: Common in sports, causing instability and pain.

      • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury: Often from direct impact.

      • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) and Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) Injuries: Usually from a blow to the knee.

    • Meniscus Tears: Torn cartilage in the knee, often from twisting injuries.

    • Fractures: Breaks in the bones of the knee, usually from trauma.

    • Dislocations: When bones of the knee are out of place, often due to injury.

  3. Tendinitis:

    • Inflammation of the tendons, such as patellar tendinitis (jumper’s knee).

  4. Bursitis:

    • Inflammation of the bursae (small fluid-filled sacs) in the knee.

  5. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome:

    • Pain around the kneecap, often from overuse or improper alignment.

  6. Other Conditions:

    • Iliotibial Band Syndrome: Inflammation of the iliotibial band, common in runners.

    • Osgood-Schlatter Disease: Causes knee pain and swelling below the kneecap in adolescents.


  • Pain and tenderness in or around the knee joint.

  • Swelling and stiffness.

  • Reduced range of motion.

  • Instability or feeling that the knee is giving out.

  • Popping or clicking sounds during movement.

Common Injuries Associated with Knee Pain

Knee pain can be both a symptom and a risk factor for various injuries. Common injuries associated with knee pain include:

  1. Ligament Injuries:

    • ACL Tears:

      • Common in athletes who engage in sports involving sudden stops or changes in direction.

      • Symptoms include a popping sound, severe pain, swelling, and instability.

    • PCL Injuries:

      • Often from direct impact or hyperextension of the knee.

      • Symptoms include pain, swelling, and difficulty walking.

    • MCL and LCL Injuries:

      • Typically result from blows to the knee.

      • Symptoms include pain, swelling, and instability.

  2. Meniscus Tears:

    • Caused by twisting or turning the knee quickly, often during sports.

    • Symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, and difficulty straightening the knee.

  3. Fractures:

    • Often due to trauma such as falls or accidents.

    • Symptoms include severe pain, swelling, and inability to move the knee.

  4. Dislocations:

    • Can result from trauma or sudden changes in direction.

    • Symptoms include intense pain, visible deformity, and inability to move the knee.

  5. Tendinitis:

    • Overuse injuries from repetitive activities such as jumping.

    • Symptoms include pain and tenderness, particularly during activity.

  6. Bursitis:

    • Inflammation due to repetitive pressure or overuse.

    • Symptoms include swelling, warmth, and pain.

Prevention and Management

  • Medications: Pain relievers (NSAIDs, acetaminophen), corticosteroid injections for inflammation.

  • Physical Therapy: Exercises to strengthen muscles around the knee, improve flexibility, and enhance range of motion.

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Weight management, low-impact exercises, avoiding activities that exacerbate pain.

  • Activity Modification: Switching to low-impact activities such as swimming or cycling.

  • Ice and Heat Therapy: Applying ice to reduce swelling and heat to relax muscles.

  • Bracing and Support: Using knee braces or supports to stabilize the knee.

  • Surgical Options: Arthroscopy, ligament reconstruction, or knee replacement for severe cases or injuries not responsive to conservative treatments.

Effective management of knee pain involves a combination of medical treatments, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes to reduce symptoms, enhance mobility, and prevent further injury.

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