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Arthritis

2110 S 17th St

Wilmington,NC,28401

600 Beaman St
Clinton, NC 28328

116 N Norwood St
Wallace, NC 28466

Arthritis


Arthritis is a term used to describe a group of conditions that involve inflammation of the joints. It can affect one or multiple joints, and there are several different types of arthritis, each with its own causes and treatment methods. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).


Types of Arthritis:


  1. Osteoarthritis (OA):

    • Caused by wear and tear of joint cartilage.

    • Typically affects older adults.

    • Commonly impacts knees, hips, lower back, and hands.

  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA):

    • An autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks joint tissues.

    • Can occur at any age.

    • Often affects smaller joints first (e.g., hands, wrists) and can progress to other joints.

  3. Other Types:

    • Gout: Caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joint.

    • Psoriatic Arthritis: Associated with the skin condition psoriasis.

    • Ankylosing Spondylitis: Primarily affects the spine.

    • Juvenile Arthritis: Occurs in children.


Symptoms:


  • Joint pain and stiffness

  • Swelling and tenderness in the joints

  • Reduced range of motion

  • Redness around the joints

  • In severe cases, joint deformity


Common Injuries Associated with Arthritis


Arthritis itself is not typically classified as an injury, but it can lead to a higher risk of injuries due to weakened joints and decreased mobility. Common injuries or complications associated with arthritis include:


  1. Joint Damage:

    • Progressive cartilage degradation can lead to severe joint damage and deformity.

    • In RA, chronic inflammation can cause significant joint erosion.

  2. Fractures:

    • Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can lead to weakened bones, increasing the risk of fractures, particularly in weight-bearing joints like hips and knees.

  3. Tendon and Ligament Injuries:

    • Chronic inflammation in RA can cause damage to tendons and ligaments, making them more prone to tears and ruptures.

    • Tendonitis is a common occurrence.

  4. Muscle Weakness:

    • Decreased use of joints due to pain and stiffness can lead to muscle atrophy and weakness, increasing the risk of strains and sprains.

  5. Joint Instability:

    • Severe arthritis can cause joints to become unstable, which can lead to dislocations and increased susceptibility to injury.


Prevention and Management


  • Medications: NSAIDs, corticosteroids, DMARDs for RA.

  • Physical Therapy: Exercises to maintain joint flexibility and muscle strength.

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Weight management, low-impact exercise, joint protection techniques.

  • Surgical Options: Joint replacement surgery in severe cases.


Effective management of arthritis involves a combination of medical treatment, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes to reduce symptoms and prevent further joint damage and related injuries.

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